Securities lending is important for short selling in which an investor borrows securities and sells them immediately. The borrower hopes to take advantage of this by selling the guarantee and later buying it back at a lower price. As the property has been temporarily transferred to the borrower, the borrower is required to pay dividends to the lender. In these transactions, the lender is compensated in the form of agreed fees and has also repaid the guarantee at the end of the transaction. This allows the lender to increase its returns by obtaining these fees. The borrower benefits from the opportunity to make a profit by reducing the securities. Securities lending is usually made between brokers and/or traders, not between individual investors. To complete the transaction, a securities loan agreement, called a loan agreement, must be concluded. It defines the terms of the loan, including the term, the lender`s fees and the nature of the guarantees.
In the case of securities lending, securities are classified according to their ability to absorb. High-liquidity securities are considered “light”; these products are easy to find on the market, someone should decide to borrow them for the purpose of selling them briefly. Securities that are illiquid in the market are considered “hard.” Due to various rules, short selling in the United States and some other countries must be preceded by the location of security and the amount that one wants to sell briefly to avoid bare short circuits. However, the lender can establish a list of securities that do not require such a location. This list is designated as an easy-to-borrow list (short for ETB) and is also called flat-rate insurance. This list is compiled by brokers on the basis of “reasonable assurance” that the securities on the list are readily available at the client`s request. However, if a guarantee on the list cannot be provided as promised (a “delivery failure” would occur), acceptance of reasonable grounds no longer applies. In order to improve the basis of these assumptions, the ETB list must have a maximum duration of 24 hours.
ASX is not responsible for inaccuracies in the published domain. This report does not include securities with a zero and zero-share position, which were required to enter into credit contracts in the previous quarter. When a security is lent, the security title is transferred to the borrower.  This means that the borrower has the benefits of maintaining security because they become the legal and economic beneficiary. In particular, the borrower receives all coupons and/or dividends as well as all other rights, such as voting rights. In most cases, these dividends or coupons must be repaid to the lender in the form of a “manufactured dividend.” Securities lenders, often referred to simply as dry lenders, are institutions that have access to “loanable” securities. These may be asset managers with a large number of securities, custodian banks holding third-party securities, or third-party lenders who automatically access securities through the asset holder`s deposit bank. The international securities lending trade organization is the International Securities Lending Association. According to a survey carried out in June 2004, its members had 5.99 billion euros in securities for the granting of loans. In the United States, the Risk Management Association publishes quarterly surveys of its (U.S.) members. As of June 2005, they had $5.77 billion in securities.