The Shimla agreement was signed to lay the groundwork for a cooperative relationship with the emphasis on people-to-people contact. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.   On 2 July 1972, the Shimla agreement between Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was signed in Shimla by Himachal Pradesh. Shimla Agreement is also known as Shimla Accord. The issue is important from the point of view of the IAS audit. Shimla Agreement: Donald Trump`s Kashmir claim has become a major controversy because it is contrary to the 1972 Shimla agreement, signed between India and Pakistan. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. It was signed with the promise of a mutual commitment to resolve all peace-related issues through the DIRECTE BILATERAL approach. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  46 years ago, the historic pact between the two South Asian neighbours was signed for a peaceful settlement of all disputes. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot of 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable region of the Siachens Glacier, where the border was clearly not defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was considered too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan to be a violation of the Simla agreement.
Most of the subsequent deaths in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters. B, like the avalanches of 2010, 2012 and 2016. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries.