Various International Agreements Regarding Air Pollution

1.30 Knowing whether the environmental objectives and expected outcomes of the agreements will be achieved is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of accountability. We want to know whether the relevant federal departments know to what extent the concrete objectives of the selected international environmental agreements are being achieved. In this regard, we examined whether departments had information on environmental outcomes against the objectives that the government has committed to and whether they could demonstrate adequate security in the quality of this information. For each of the five international environmental agreements, we have opted for a central environmental objective of the agreement, which must be examined. 1.83 UNFA believes that countries should continue to cooperate through relevant international fisheries organizations to ensure effective conservation and management of straddling and large migratory fish stocks. The main culprits for these fish stocks in the Northwest Atlantic are the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCTA). 1.26 Responsibility for auditing and monitoring Canada`s performance under an international environmental agreement rests primarily with the minister responsible for the agreement, in accordance with the powers of ministers and accountability. In practice, management, under the direction of the appropriate minister, would normally carry out these tasks. 1.25 Verification and monitoring. Measuring and communicating environmental outcomes is very important, but does not necessarily ensure that Canada achieves the environmental outcomes desired in international agreements.

There must also be adequate management oversight to verify results against expectations, identify the difficulties and constraints necessary to meet these expectations, and take all necessary corrective measures. 1.131 In our view, for the federal government to provide Canadians with an update on environmental outcomes with respect to Canada`s international environmental agreements, two elements of accountability are essential: setting performance expectations and measuring and reporting results. The departments responsible for the results clearly indicate the expected results and then measure the results obtained. 1.130 Recommendation. With regard to the responsibility of international environmental agreements, responsible federal authorities or authorities should clearly specify and document the environmental results they expect; How they will measure and communicate the results and how they will evaluate and verify the results in order to improve performance. The agreement, signed in 1979 by 32 European countries, the United States and Canada, was originally intended to combat acid rain. Over time, it has become a model of effective international environmental cooperation, bringing together scientists and policy makers to solve complex cross-border problems. To date, more than 51 countries have joined the Convention and a total of eight international protocols or agreements have been added to address a number of environmental and health problems caused by degeneration, agricultural modernization and fossil fuel consumption, including ground-level ozone, soot, persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals and particulate matter.

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